This is a process that breaks a complex skill in to smaller steps to help learners become more independent with important self help skills like toileting, hand washing, getting dressed, making a sandwich, etc.
Discrete Trial Training (DTT)
Is a highly structured teaching process that uses skill repetition and reinforcement to teach basic skills like matching, sorting, identifying common items, imitating others. During DTT, if an error occurs, it is simply corrected in a neutral manner with no punishment or reinforcement with a quick repeat of the skill with prompting to help the child respond correctly.
Is a teaching process that occurs in the natural environment and is guided by the child’s interest. This strategy involves observing a child’s interests in a stimulating area and them interact using items/activities chosen by the child. Therapists expand that interest to improve appropriate play, communication, social skills, and other socially significant behaviors.
To Reduce Challenging Behaviors
There are a variety of intervention technics that we pair with reinforcement strategies to diminish challenging or socially inappropriate behaviors. Some of these are intended to teach and reinforce a new more appropriate response, redirection, some will block the existing reinforcement chain that maintains the challenging behavior, or to provide additional supports/teaching to make difficult or new tasks more manageable for the child.